Article Index

As we study and meditate on Scripture we find that many items or individuals are symbolic of something else or are given to foreshadow Messiah.

The purpose of this page is to serve as a repository for thoughts and observations regarding items or individuals from Scripture and briefly note their symbolic meaning(s).

This article is not meant to be an exhaustive study of any of the items listed and is a work in progress.



The abyss (literally "the deeps" of the ocean) is symbolic of death.

  • Paul clearly links the two in Romans 10:7.
  • King David also references the symbology of death in the abyss (Hebrew: tehome) in Psalm 71:20.
  • Darkness was over the surface of the abyss (tehome again) in Genesis 1:2.



Animal horns- generally representative of power and/or authority

"Beasts of the field, birds of the sky, crawling things"- In Scripture this phrasing is used to refer to the nations of the world (i.e. non-Israelites) (Hosea 2:18, Acts 10:12, 11:16)


The bear is symbolic of a slow but powerful and destructive presence.

Daniel 7:5 describes a bear with three ribs in its teeth. This bear is symbolic of the Medo-Persian empire.


The donkey is symbolic of royal peace.

It is a royal beast of burden of peace (as opposed to a horse which is an animal of war).


The dove is symbolic of peace and the Ruach HaKodesh [Holy Spirit].

  • Genesis 8 ( Noach sends out a dove in essence asking "can we find peace with G-d?")
  • Matthew 3:16 (Ruach descending "as a dove" on Messiah)


The dragon is symbolic of HaSatan (Revelation 12)

The dragon symbolizes fourth beast of Daniel's dream, the fourth kingdom: Rome.

  • Daniel 7:7
  • Revelation 12:3


The goat represents sin. The goat is not intrinsically sinful... it is just a symbol.

  • Daniel 8:21 describes a "shaggy goat" who represents the kingdom of Greece.
  • When Yeshua relates the parable of the sheep and the goats Matthew 25:31-34 Hebrews versus Greeks may be in view. The separation of those in the kingdom versus those who are out is clearly what is communicated. The goats are out. The sheep are in.


The horse is symbolic of military might.

  • Pharaoh's horses and horsemen (Exodus 14, 15:21)
  • The king is commanded not to "multiply horses" (i.e. pursue military power) (Deuteronomy 17:16)


The lamb is symbolic of peace, salvation, innocence and Messiah ben Yosef.

  • Isaiah 53:7 and Acts 8:32
  • Jeremiah 11:19



The leopard is symbolic of speed, grace, and strength.

  • The leopard symbolizes Greece which was the third beast of Dani'el's dream... the third kingdom (Daniel 7:6). This is likely because of the speed with which Greece conquered their foes.
  • The leopard is also mentioned Jeremiah 5:6



The lion is symbolic of might, fierce power, and royalty.

  • The lion symbolizes Babylon in Dani'el's dream (Daniel 7:4).
  • Messiah is called the Lion of the tribe of Y'hudah (Revelation 5:5).



The ram is symbolic of power and might (due to its horns).

  • Daniel 8:20 describes a ram whose two horns represent the two kings of the Media and Persia.



The raven is symbolic of a messenger or angel.

  • Given as a picture of an evil spirit in the story of Noach in Genesis 8:7.
  • Given as a picture of messengers of G-d's provision in 1 Kings 17:4-6.


The serpent is usually symbolic of the enemy, HaSatan (Genesis 3:1) but is also given as a picture of Messiah (lifted upon a stick to save Israelites from the serpent's bite) in Numbers 21:6-9.


The wolf is given as a picture of something that consumes with great appetite: ravenousness.

It is given as a picture of an enemy disguised as a friend (Matthew 7:15, Acts 20:29)



Black is symbolic of evil and death.

Black is the absence of light which symbolizes good and life.



Blue is symbolic of the sky, the priesthood, the Ruach, and G-d.

Although blue is not directly mentioned in Scripture, techelet (a thread or fabric that is dyed blue) is often mentioned in Scripture in the context of priestly robes or tzitzit [tassels] that are worn on the corners of garments or that were incorporated into the Tabernacle.



Bronze is symbolic of judgment and wrath.

Consider the bronze altar (Exodus 27) and the judgment and wrath that were symbolically poured out on it.



Gold is symbolic of holiness and purity.

Everything inside the tabernacle was gold. Consider the gold altar of incense (Exodus 30).



Gray is symbolic of old age, wisdom, and honor. (Proverbs 20:29)



Green is symbolic of life and fertility. (Genesis 9:3)



Purple is symbolic of royalty, prosperity, and the priesthood.



Red and scarlet are symbolic of blood and sacrifice, and the sin that requires it.



Silver is symbolic of salvation and redemption.



White is symbolic of purity and holiness.



Darkness is symbolic of evil and death.

  • In Genesis 1:4 G-d declares that the light is good. He then separates light from the darkness which (by implication) is "not good".
  • Psalm 107:10-14 links darkness and death.



Light (Hebrew: or) is symbolic of good and life.

  • In Genesis 1:3 G-d creates light.
  • In Genesis 1:4 G-d declares that the light is good. He then separates light from the darkness which (by implication) is "not good".
  • In John 8:12 we see that Yeshua declares himself to be the "light of the world" and John 1:4 tells us that the life that is in Yeshua is "the Light of men".




See Brass/Bronze/Copper under Colors.



Clay is symbolic of humanity.

Isaiah 64:8 pictures G-d as the potter and Israel as the clay.

Paul uses this same metaphor in Romans 9:21.



See Gold under Colors.



Iron is symbolic of power and authority.

Revelation 2:27 quotes Psalm 2:9 where Mashiach notes the authority He has received from His Father is likened unto a rod of iron.



Pitch is symbolic of atonement or ransom.

In the story of Noach's Ark we see G-d instruct Noach to cover the Ark with pitch (Genesis 6:14). The Hebrew word for "pitch" (kopher) in the verse is usually translated in Scripture as "ransom"- the price paid to redeem something.



See Silver under Colors.



Stone is symbolic of Messiah and truth.

  • 1 Corinthians 10:4 links Exodus 17:6 with Messiah.
  • In Isaiah 8:13-14 the Messiahis likened to "a stone to strike and a rock to stumble over".



Water is symbolic of the Ruach [the Spirit] and Torah.

Water (Hebrew: mayim) often pictures the Ruach as well as the life and judgment it can bring:

  • The Ruach hovers/trembles over the face of the waters in Genesis 1:2 at the beginning of Creation.
  • G-d brings the waters above and the waters below in judgment against the earth in the time of Noach (Genesis 7:11).
  • Water as an example of Torah can be found in Isaiah 55:1-3. G-d instructs that "everyone who thirsts come to the waters" then says to "listen carefully to" Him. What is it He has spoken that we should listen carefully to? Torah!
  • Yeshua is immersed in water [baptized] in Matthew 3:13-17 and the Ruach of G-d comes upon Him.



Wood is symbolic of humanity.

  • In Genesis 6:14 G-d instructs Noach to cover the Ark with pitch. The picture is that the Ark (humanity) is given a covering (an atonement)
  • In the Temple we see many articles built of wood covered with some type of metal (bronze, silver, or gold). These are pictures of humanity covered by judgment, salvation, and holiness/purity.


The components and articles of the Temple are entirely symbolic of the heavenly Temple G-d showed to Moshe on the mountain (Ex 25:40). The items listed below are in the order they are described in Scripture rather than alphabetical order. 


Ark of the Covenant

The ark is symbolic of G-d's throne: the seat of His Presence.

The ark is wood covered with gold and is symbolic of G-d's people covered in righteousness. Psalm 22:3 tells us that G-d is enthroned on the praises of Israel, his people.


Table of the Bread of the Presence

The table of the bread of the presence is symbolic of G-d's people, Israel always being before him.


The Lampstand

The lampstand is symbolic of Yeshua... the Light of the world always before G-d's presence at His right hand. It is made of solid gold and is symbolic of complete purity and holiness.


The Linen Covering

Linen is symbolic of righteousness (Revelation 19:8).

The covering is [white] linen (purity/holiness/godliness), blue (priestly), purple (royal), and scarlet (sacrificial) in color and are held together with 50 gold clasps (purity, holiness). The list of materials begins with linen symbolizing righteous acts (Revelation 19:8 again) and righteousness in general.


The Goat Hair Covering

The goat hair covering is symbolic of judgment as is also pictured by the goat of Yom Kippur. The nations (as opposed to Israel) can be pictured as goats on whom G-d's judgment will be poured out. See Genesis 27:8-16 (Rivkah puts goat skins on Ya'akov to make him appear as Esav (whom G-d said He hates)), and Matthew 25:32 (Yeshua separates the sheep from the goats) for examples.

The goat hair covering is held together with bronze clasps (bronze symbolizes judgment and wrath) just as the goat of Yom Kippur is symbolic of Messiah on whom judgment and wrath were poured out for us.


The Tachash Skin Covering

The final cover over the tabernacle is made of rams skins and tachash skins and is symbolic of power and majesty. No one is exactly sure what the tachash animal was. Various places in the Talmud refer to it noting its uniqueness (e.g. the Gemara says the animal only appeared for Moshe specifically for the purpose of being part of the tabernacle). It likely was not a badger, porpoise, or sea cow as is sometimes translated into English because those animals are tamei [unclean] and would be unsuitable to bring into the holy precinct. Coming into contact with a dead unclean animal makes a person unclean (Leviticus 11:27) so every time someone touched this covering they would become unclean if it were one of those animals.


The final picture we have of the coverings is that the holy place rests under the righteousness of G-d (linen) which is under His judgment and wrath (goat skin) which falls under His power, majesty, and authority (tachash and ram).


The Walls

The shittim wood walls covered with gold are symbolic of humanity covered in G-d's holiness and righteousness.

The wooden walls stand with two tenons (i.e. legs) in sockets of silver (salvation and redemption) which symbolize the first and second coming of Messiah.


The Veil

The veil is symbolic of Messiah.

  • The veil is made of four colors representing four characteristics of Messiah: blue (priestly), purple (royal), scarlet (sacrifice), [white] linen (purity and holiness). Note that blue is listed first for this object since it is only the high priest which can come before G-d (i.e. going beyond the veil).
  • Nobody could come into the holy of holies without going through the veil. Yeshua said no man can come unto the Father except by Him (John 14:6).
  • At the time of Messiah's death the veil was torn just as Messiah's body was torn for our transgressions.


The Four Pillars

The four pillars on which the veil rests are symbolic of the four "corners" of the earth which is seen as the foundation of heaven, G-d's kingdom. They are also symbolic of Messiah:

  • They are made of wood which is symbolic of man.
  • They are overlaid with gold which is symbolic of righteousness and purity.
  • They have sockets of silver which is symbolic of salvation and redemption.

Between us and G-d before G-d's throne we see a picture of a Man covered in righteousness upheld by salvation: Messiah Yeshua!


The Screen

The screen to the entrance of the holy place is also symbolic of Messiah.

  • The screen is made of four colors representing four characteristics of Messiah: blue (priestly), purple (royal), scarlet (sacrifice), [white] linen (purity and holiness).
  • Nobody could come into the holy place without going through the screen. Yeshua said no man can come unto the Father except by Him (John 14:6).


The Five Pillars

The five pillars on which the screen rests are symbolic of the five books of Torah and also symbolic of Messiah.

  • They are made of wood which is symbolic of man.
  • They are overlaid with gold which is symbolic of righteousness and purity.
  • They have sockets of bronze which is symbolic of judgment.


Psalm 1:5 tells us that the wicked will not stand in the judgment nor sinners in the assembly of the tzadik [righteous]. These pillars symbolic of both Messiah and Torah reveal to us a Man covered in righteousness standing in judgment between us and the holy place of G-d. What is the standard by which His righteousness is judged? Torah!


The Brazen Altar

The brazen altar (wood covered with bronze) is symbolic of G-d's judgment and wrath upon humanity.

Note that the judgment and wrath is on humanity outside of Torah (the 5 pillars) and outside of Yeshua (the screen).


The Courtyard Screens

The linen screens of the courtyard are symbolic of righteousness.

The linen screens are held up by wood (humanity) pillars with silver hooks and bands (salvation and redemption) inserted into copper sockets (judgment). 60 pillars form the supports for the courtyard screens. The couryard screens and the tabernacle walls are held up with ropes that are tied to pegs of copper (judgment).


Scripture reveals wisdom and prophetic visions thorugh the use of numbers as symbols. Many thanks go to George Kirkpatrick for his input and guidance on this section.


One in Hebrew is the letter alef: א

The number one can symbolize beginnings, The Beginning, unity, G-d, and His Sovereignty.

As a cardinal number (one) it denotes unity; as an ordinal (first) it denotes primacy.

  • In the beginning was G-d (Genesis 1:1)
  • G-d is one [Hebrew: echad] (Deuteronomy 6:4)
  • The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit are one (1 John 5:7)
  • There is one G-d and one holy nation (Ephesians 4:5-6, 1 Peter 2:9)



Two in Hebrew is the letter bet: ב

Two can symbolize of witness and division.

  • Two is the minimum number of witnesses (Deuteronomy 17:6, 19:15, 4:26, 30:19, Matthew 18:16, Revelation 11:3)
  • At the Judgment all nations will be separated into two groups: the sheep and the goats (Matthew 25:32)



Three in Hebrew is the letter gimel: ג

Three can symbolize of fullness or completion.

Many things in Scripture are completed in threes:

  • G-d: Father, Son, Spirit
  • Humans: body, soul, spirit
  • The patriarchs: Abraham, Isaac, Jacob



Four in Hebrew is the letter dalet: ד

Four can symbolize creation.

  • The four elements: earth, water, air, fire
  • The four directions of the compass: north, south, east, west
  • The four seasons: spring, summer, fall, winter


Five in Hebrew is the letter he (pronounded heh): ה

Five can symbolize grace.

G-d's grace was revealed in the tabernacle and it was made of five curtains joined to five curtains (Exodus 26:1-3)



Six in Hebrew is the letter vav (pronouned vahv): ו

Six can symbolize man.

  • The earth was prepared for man in six days (Genesis 1:1-25)
  • Man was created on the sixth day (Genesis 1:27)
  • The number 666 is the completeness of man (Revelation 13:18)



Seven in Hebrew is the letter zayin: ז

Seven can symbolize spiritual perfection and revelation.

The book of Revelation repeatedly uses number seven

  • Seven churches
  • Seven Spirits of G-d
  • Seven golden candlesticks
  • Seven stars
  • Seven lamps
  • Seven seals
  • Seven eyes
  • Seven horns
  • Seven angels
  • Seven trumpets
  • Seven heads
  • Seven crowns
  • Seven plagues
  • Seven gold vials
  • Seven mountains
  • Seven kings



Eight in Hebrew is the letter chet (pronounced with a voiced glottal fricative ch like 'Bach' rather than a voiceless postalveolar affricate ch like 'cheese'): ח

Eight can symbolize new beginnings, resurrection.

  • Yeshua's transfiguration was on the eighth day
  • Circumcision was to be on the eighth day
  • Eight souls were saved in the flood
  • Yeshua was resurrected on the "eighth" day (the first day of the following week)



Nine in Hebrew is the leter tet: ט

Nine can symbolize judgment.

  • The number nine consists of 3 x 3
  • It is the fullness of completeness (see three above)
  • Nine is also one short of G-d's divine order (ten)



Ten in Hebrew is the letter yod (pronounded yoad... like toad): י

(This is the Hebrew letter that corresponds to the "jot" that is mentioned in Matthew 5:18 KJV.)

Ten can symbolize perfection in divine order or testimony.

A decade 10 years 10
A century 100 years 10 x 10
A millenium 1000 years 10 x 10 x 10


Noah was the tenth generation (Genesis 5:1-29)

  1. Adam
  2. Seth
  3. Enosh
  4. Kenan
  5. Mahalalel
  6. Yared
  7. Enoch
  8. Metushelach
  9. Lamech
  10. Noach


  • The Ten Commandments (Exodus 23)
  • One tenth = the tithe
  • Ten plagues in Egypt (Exodus 7-11)
  • The ten virgins (Matthew 25:1-12)


In Romans 8 there are ten things listed which cannot separate us from the love of G-d.

  1. death
  2. life
  3. angels
  4. principalities
  5. things present
  6. things to come
  7. powers
  8. height
  9. depth
  10. any created thing



Eleven can symbolize disorder, confusion

After Judas' betrayal, there were only 11 disciples
Before the Holy Spirit came on the day of Pentecost, the twelfth apostle had to be appointed



Twelve can symbolize government

  • The twelve tribes (Genesis 49:28)
  • The twelve disciples (Matthew 10:1)
  • The twelve foundation stones of the Holy City (Revelation 21:14)



-- pending --



Fourteen can symbolize deliverance or salvation

Israel was delivered the fourteenth day of the first month (Pesach- Exodus 12)

Matthew records 14 generations from Abraham to David, 14 generations from David to the carrying away into Babylon, 14 generations from the carrying away into Babylon to Messiah (Matthew 1:17).

David in Hebrew = 14 (dalet, vav, dalet = 4 + 6 + 4 = 14). Messiah is the consummation of G-d's promise to David.


Fifteen can symbolize the completion of G-d's grace or the kingdom

  • The completion of G-d's grace: 3 x 5
  • The fifteenth day of the first month is the Feast of Unleavened Bread (Chag Hamatzot), the symbol of the sinless body of Messiah.
  • The fifteenth day of the seventh month is the Feast of Tabernacles (Sukkot). The Feast of Tabernacles marks the end of the sixth day of man and the beginning of the seventh day of the Kingdom.



Sixteen can symbolize love

In 1 Corinthians 13:4-8 there are sixteen attributes of love:

  1. patient
  2. kind
  3. not jealous
  4. does not brag
  5. not arrogant
  6. does not act unbecomingly
  7. does not seek its own
  8. is not provoked
  9. does not take into account a wrong suffered
  10. does not rejoice in unrighteousness
  11. rejoices with the truth
  12. bears all things
  13. believes all things
  14. hopes all things
  15. endures all things
  16. love never fails




Seventeen can symbolize faith

There are seventeen people listed in Hebrews 11, the faith chapter:

  1. By faith Hevel (Abel, Hebrews 11:4)
  2. By faith Enoch (Hebrews 11:5)
  3. By faith Noach (Noah, Hebrews 11:7)
  4. By faith Avraham (Hebrews 11:8, 17)
  5. By faith Sarah (Hebrews 11:11)
  6. By faith Yitzchak (Isaac, Hebrews 11:20)
  7. By faith Yaakov (Jacob, Hebrews 11:21, 21)
  8. By faith Yosef (Joseph, Hebrews 11:22)
  9. By faith Moshe (Moses, Hebrews 11:23, 24-26, 27, 28, 29)
  10. By faith Rachav (Rahab, Hebrews 11:431)
  11. Gideon (Hebrews 11:32)
  12. Barak (Hebrews 11:32)
  13. Shimshon (Samson, Hebrews 11:32)
  14. Yiftach (Jephthah, Hebrews 11:32)
  15. David (Hebrews 11:32)
  16. Shemuel (Samuel, Hebrews 11:32)
  17. The Prophets (Hebrews 11:32)



Eighteen can symbolize bondage

  • In the book of Judges, Israel was held in bondage to Moav for eighteen years (Judges 3:14)
  • Yeshua healed the woman who had been bound by Satan for eighteen years (Luke 13:16)
  • 6 + 6 + 6 = 18 The fullness (3) that man (6) can accomplish = bondage to sin.







Twenty can symbolize redemption or a time of waiting

  • The Israelite men were chosen to go to war at the age of twenty. (Numbers 1:2-3)
  • Beginning at the age of twenty, the children of Israel were to pay the annual half shekel contribution for the tabernacle. (Exodus 30:14-15)
  • Jacob served twenty years for his wives and possessions. (Genesis 31:41)



Twenty-two can symbolize light

There are twenty-two sections in Psalm 119

There are seven divisions of 22 verses in the book of Lamentations:

  • Lamentations 1:1-22
  • Lamentations 2:1-22
  • Lamentations 3:1-66 (3 sets of 22)
  • Lamentations 4:1-22
  • Lamentations 5:1-22


Lamentations chapters 1, 2, and 4 are alphabetic acrostics, containing a single verse beginning with each letter of the Hebrew alphabet, while chapter 3 has three verses for each letter of the alphabet. Thus chapters 1, 2, and 4 have 22 verses each, while chapter 3 consists of 66 verses. Chapter 5, while not an acrostic, also contains 22 verses.1



Twenty-three can symbolize death

There are twenty-three things listed in the book of Romans 1:28-32 which makes one worthy of death

  1. do not acknowledge G-d
  2. depraved mind
  3. unrighteousness
  4. wickedness
  5. greed
  6. evil
  7. envy
  8. murder
  9. strife
  10. deceit
  11. malice
  12. gossip
  13. slander
  14. hatred of G-d
  15. insolence
  16. arrogance
  17. boastfulness
  18. inventing evil
  19. disobedience to parents
  20. lacking understanding
  21. untrustworthiness
  22. unlovingness
  23. unmercifulness




Twenty-four can symbolize priesthood or a higher form of government

  • There are twenty-four elders around G-d's throne. (Revelation 4:4)
  • There were twenty-four divisions of the priesthood in the tabernacle. (1 Chronicles 24:1-19)
  • There were twenty-four thousand men in each division that served the king of Israel (1 Chronicles 27:1)




Thirty can symbolize maturity

  • Yosef was thirty when he stood before Pharaoh. (Genesis 41:46)
  • Saul was thirty when he began to reign. (1 Samuel 13:1)
  • David was thirty when he began to reign in Hebron. (2 Samuel 5:4)
  • Yeshua began His ministry at the age of thirty. (Luke 3:23)



Thirty-three can symbolize promise

[Assuming Yeshua was thirty-three at the time] He went to the cross, died, and later arose, giving us the promise of eternal life.


Forty can symbolize trials, testing, or cleansing

  • Israel was tested for forty years in the wilderness (Exodus 16:35)
  • The 10 spies spent forty days testing the Land (Numbers 13:25)
  • Goliath tested Israel for forty days before David killed him (1 Samuel 17:16)
  • Jonah preached judgment to Nineveh for forty days (Jonah 3:4)
  • Yeshua was tempted for forty days in the wilderness (Mark 1:13)


  • It rained for forty days and nights when G-d cleansed the earth (Genesis 7:12)
  • Noach waited for forty days after the rain stopped to open the window of the ark (Genesis 8:6)
  • Jacob was embalmed (cleansed?) for forty days (Genesis 50:3)
  • Moses fasted for forty days and nights while on the mountain with G-d... twice (Exodus 24:18, Exodus 34:28-29, Deuteronomy 10:10)
  • In the book of Judges, Israel was given forty years of rest under Othniel, Barak, and Gideon (Judges 3:11, 5:31, 8:28)
  • Elijah fasted for forty days and nights strengthened by a single meal at Mt. Horev (1 Kings 19:8)
  • Yeshua was seen for forty days after His resurrection (Acts 1:3)



There are forty-one generations from Abraham to Messiah

  1. Abraham
  2. Isaac
  3. Jacob
  4. Judah
  5. Perez
  6. Hezron
  7. Ram
  8. Amminadab
  9. Nahshon
  10. Salmon
  11. Boaz
  12. Obed
  13. Jesse
  14. David
  15. Solomon
  16. Rehoboam
  17. Abijah
  18. Asa
  19. Jehoshaphat
  20. Joram
  21. Uzziah
  22. Jotham
  23. Ahaz
  24. Hezekiah
  25. Manasseh
  26. Amon
  27. Josiah
  28. Jeconiah
  29. Shealtiel
  30. Zerubbabel
  31. Abihud
  32. Eliakim
  33. Azor
  34. Zadok
  35. Achim
  36. Eliud
  37. Eleazar
  38. Matthan
  39. Jacob
  40. Yosef
  41. Yeshua




Forty-two can symbolize completion of a journey.

Forty-two young men mocked Elisha... and died for it. (2 Kings 2:23-24)

Israel had forty-two campsites between Egypt to the Promised Land:

  1. Succoth - סכת (Numbers 33:5)
  2. Etham - אתם (Numbers 33:6)
  3. Pi Hahiroth - החירת פי (Numbers 33:7)
  4. Marah - מרה (Numbers 33:8)
  5. Elim - אילם (Numbers 33:9)
  6. Red Sea - סוף ים (Numbers 33:10)
  7. Sin - סין (Numbers 33:11)
  8. Dophkah - דפקה (Numbers 33:12)
  9. Alush - אלוש (Numbers 33:13)
  10. Rephidim - רפידם (Numbers 33:14)
  11. Wilderness of Sinai - סיני מדבר (Numbers 33:15)
  12. Kibroth Hattaavah - התאוה קברת (Numbers 33:16)
  13. Chazeroth - חצרת (Numbers 33:17)
  14. Rithmah - רתמה (Numbers 33:18)
  15. Rimmon Perez - פרץ רמן (Numbers 33:19)
  16. Libnah - לבנה (Numbers 33:20)
  17. Rissah - רסה (Numbers 33:21)
  18. Kehelathah - קהלתה (Numbers 33:22)
  19. Mount Shepher - הר־שפר (Numbers 33:23)
  20. Haradah - חרדה (Numbers 33:24)
  21. Makheloth - מקהלת (Numbers 33:25)
  22. Tahath - תחת (Numbers 33:26)
  23. Terah - תרח (Numbers 33:27)
  24. Mithcah - מתקה (Numbers 33:28)
  25. Chashmonah - חשמנה (Numbers 33:29)
  26. Moseroth - מסרות (Numbers 33:30)
  27. Bene Yaakan - יעקן בני (Numbers 33:31)
  28. Char Haggidgad - הגדגד חר (Numbers 33:32)
  29. Yotvathah - יטבתה (Numbers 33:33)
  30. Avronah - עברנה (Numbers 33:34)
  31. Etzion Geber - גבר עצין (Numbers 33:35)
  32. Kadesh (Rekem) - קדש (Numbers 33:36)
  33. Mount Hor - הר ההר (Numbers 33:37)
  34. Tzalmonah - צלמנה (Numbers 33:41)
  35. Punon - פונן (Numbers 33:42)
  36. Oboth - אבת (Numbers 33:43)
  37. Iye Abarim - העברים עיי (Numbers 33:44)
  38. Divon Gad - גד דיבן (Numbers 33:45)
  39. Almon Diblathaim – דבלתימה עלמן (Numbers 33:46)
  40. Abarim - הרי העברים (Numbers 33:47)
  41. Moab - ערבת מואב (Numbers 33:48)
  42. Beth Jeshimoth - הישמת בית (Numbers 33:49)


Fifty can symbolize Holy Spirit and Freedom

The word Pentecost means "count fifty".

Fifty is the year of Yovel (Jubilee) when slaves are set free. (Leviticus 25:10-11)

The Holy Spirit was given fifty days after Jesus' resurrection


Sixty can symbolize Pride and Arrogance

The image Nebuchadnezzar set up was sixty cubits high



Sixty-six can symbolize Idol Worship

The confusion of man (11 x 6) who makes an idol out of self



Seventy can symbolize restoration:

  • The descendants of Shem, Ham, and Japeth after the flood were seventy
  • Seventy descendants of Jacob were in Egypt at the time of Joseph. (Genesis 46:27)
  • There were seventy elders of Israel at Mt. Sinai (Exodus 24:1) who were filled by the Spirit (Numbers 11:25).
  • Israel was restored to their promise land seventy years after the Babylonian captivity. (Jeremiah 29:10)
  • Daniel's seventy weeks will complete the time when the Most Holy will be anointed. (Daniel 9:24)



One hundred twenty

One hundred and twenty can symbolize complete period of time

Moses lived three complete generations of time 3 x 40 = 120

  • Forty years under the law of Egypt
  • Forty years under grace, after he killed the Egyptian
  • Forty years led by the Spirit of G-d


One hundred forty-four

One hundred, forty-four can symbolize G-d's perfect government

12 x 12 signifies G-d's ultimate creation of government (Revelation 7:4)


One hundred fifty-three

One hundred, fifty-three can symbolize a complete catch/harvest:

Jesus' disciples caught one hundred and fifty-three fish when they fished on the right side of the boat (John 21:11)


Two hundred

Two hundred can symbolize insufficiency

Two hundred denarii of bread was insufficient to feed the multitudes (Mark 6:37)


Six hundred

Six hundred can symbolize warfare

  • Pharaoh pursued Israel with six hundred chariots. (Exodus 14:7)
  • The Danites sent six hundred men of war to take Josiah. (Judges 18:11)
  • Goliath's spear weighed six hundred shekels of iron. (1 Samuel 17:7)



Six hundred sixty six

Six hundred and sixty-six can symbolize man's best

Six, six, six 3 x 6 = 18 is the best man can do without G-d. This can only brings people into bondage.

Six, six, six (not six hundred sixty-six) is the number of the beast, the great anti-christ


One hundred forty-four thousand

One hundred forty-four thousand can symbolize G-d's perfect government

G-d's Kingdom rulership (Revelation 7:4)




1. Lamentations on, 2/26/2010, [back]

Torah Portion




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Today is

Yom Rishon, 20 Kislev, 5784

Sunday, December 03, 2023


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