Technical References

THINGS OF THE OLD RESTORER © Vladimir Pogorelov | strives to provide articles of the highest quality and caliber but we also realize that nothing can compare to individual, Spirit-led studies of Scripture.  With this in mind, part of our mission is to equip our readers for their own studies of G-d's Word.


We are pleased to provide the following materials and plan to provide additional information as our organization grows and matures.


GOSPEL COMPARISON © The Psalm 119 FoundationThe gospel accounts of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John are similar in many ways.  They share the "good news" of the kingdom of G-d and of the King, the Messiah Yeshua, who has come to reconcile His people to G-d.  There are some significant differences in the details and manner in which this news is delivered. 

The brief outline below contains the unique facets of each of the gospel writings.

Counting in Hebrew is similar to counting by Roman numerals. Each letter symbolizes a number. The chart below provides an example. If you haven't already seen it, you may want to take a look at our article on The Hebrew Alphabet . It will help you get started.


The Messianic movement (faith in Yeshua as the Messiah marked by the recognition of the Jewish origins of that faith and expressed in some degree of Torah observance) is filled with Gentiles from all stripes, creeds, and denominations.  One of the common questions we receive at goes something like this: "I used to be an [insert denomination here] and I want to know how that group connects back to the original first-century believers."  While each group is different, we have found strong connections with some key denominations of Christianity.

Our team has developed a graphical "family tree" of Christian denominations to provide you with some context around where your prior denomination (or perhaps your current one!) connects back to the original roots of our faith in Messiah.

Figures of Speech- Psalm11918.orgThere are various figures of speech found in most languages including English, Hebrew, and Greek.  The words of Scripture convey a specific message by using these forms of language.  This short list of figures of speech (with examples from Scripture) was taken from a sidebar in the January/February 2008 edition of Biblical Worldview Magazine.  The article was entitled "A Beginner's Guide to Biblical Prophecy".

We should recognize these figures of speech in G-d's Word to understand the meaning G-d intended to convey whether we are studying Biblical prophecy or Biblical history.


Harmony: a systematic arrangement of parallel literary passages (as of the Gospels) for the purpose of showing agreement or harmony [from Merriam-Webster Online].

A "harmony" attempts to take parallel passages from Scripture to show the harmony and the agreement of those passages. Another important goal is to show how different accounts vary in their degree of information and detail. The Gospel harmonization below focuses on the accounts of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. It is primarily based upon A.T. Robertson's gospel harmony from the early 1900's.

The links listed for the verses below point to When clicking on those links and opening the pages we recommend setting the "Layout" to Columns to display in a parallel fashion.

Torah Portion




or view this week's triennial cycle reading.

Today is

Yom Sheni, 14 Nisan, 5784 - Pesach

Monday, April 22, 2024


Learn more about this date in history.