Rosh Hashana- the Head of the Year
The sixth day of Creation- G-d created animals that walk and crawl on the earth. He also created Adam, the first human, and Chavah, the first woman. "G-d formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul." (Genesis 2:7)
That day they were banished from Garden of Eden.
On this day, G-d answered the prayers for children of Sarah, Rebekah, Rachel, Leah and Hannah.
c 2267 BCE- Noah dispatched a dove from the Ark for the third time. When the dove did not return, Noah knew that the waters had completely drained from the earth. (Genesis 8:12-14) On that day Noah removed the roof of the Ark but he and his family remained in it for another 57 days until the 27th of Cheshvan.
c 1977 BCE- Birth (c 1977 BCE) and death (c 1839 BCE) of Sarah. (Genesis 23:1-2)
c 1877 BCE- G-d blesses Sarah with a child. (Genesis 18:10)
c 1839 BCE- Isaac was bound on the altar during the Akeidah. (see Genesis 22) The fright of this event prompted the death of his mother, Sarah.
c 1765 BCE- Jacob received the blessings from Isaac (according to the Zohar but according to Pirkei D'Rabi Eliezer it occurred on Passover). (Genesis 27)
c 1726 BCE- Rachel's prayers were answered; she later gave birth to Joseph. (Genesis 30:22)
c 1695 BCE- Joseph was freed from prison in Egypt. (Genesis 41:14)
c 1477 BCE- The harsh slavery of the Jews in Egypt ended.
c 1060 BCE- The prayer of Hannah was answered; she gave birth to Samuel the prophet the following year. (1 Samuel 1:19)
c 881 BCE- Elisha promised his hostess, the Shunammite woman, that she would bear a child. (2 Kings 4:12-17)
1553- Cardinal Caraffa (later to be Pope Paul IV), backed by Pope Julius III, burned the Talmud and other Jewish holy books in Rome.
1644- Jews of Mogilev, Russia, were attacked during Tashlikh.
September 11, 1923- Rabbi Meir Shapiro of Lublin instituted the "Daf Yomi," the daily regimen of Talmud study (in which the participant studies one folio a day to complete the entire Talmud in seven years).